Photojournalism, or Reportage as it is called in Europe, is the art of choosing what to shoot, and how to shoot it. Since such images cannot be manipulated after the fact, photographers tend to control them in advance instead. The image below shows such a technique. With the goal of making the beach scene look crowded and unpalatable, several techniques have been used. The first was to compress the crowds by waiting for high tide, when the beach is at it’s narrowest. The next was to shoot with a very long telephoto lens, to compress the scene in a second dimension. And the choice of processing in black and white further aids the efforts by depriving the scene of the bright colors of a summer beach. It would have been possible to tell a very different story by shooting an idyllic scene of children playing in the waves, and digging in the sand, simply by using a wider lens, and shooting out to sea, leaving the clutter behind the camera.
C. David Tobie